|“||This is Bothriolepis, a Placoderm. Its name is a Greek word. It means "Armor-Plating", and you can see why. This is in the same family as Dunkleosteus. These fish were only around for 50 million years, then they became extinct. There's nothing like them alive in the 21st century.||„|
|— Allen, about Bothriolepis|
Bothriolepis (name meaning "Trench Scale") is a genus of small placoderm that originated during the Late Devonian era. Related to the larger and more ferocious Dunkleosteus, it measured around a meter long and weighed a couple of dozen pounds (heavier for its size due to the iconic thick armor plates of its Placoderm Fish family).
In the episode "Amphibians & Armored Fish", several Bothriolepis were brought back to the park and reside in the Primeval Aquarium.
Era & DiscoveryEdit
Bothriolepis lived during the Middle to Late Devonian period, 387 to 350 million years ago. It shared the oceans with Dunkleosteus, Stethacanthus, Hyneria, and other sea creatures. These fish existed for around 50 million years until they became extinct around the dawn of the Carboniferous. There is no fish like Bothriolepis alive in the 21st century. It was first discovered in 1933.
Bothriolepis was a small placoderm, around 3 feet long. Being small with large fins, its head protected with a thick armor plating (whilst the rest of its body was bare), and with its relatively large eyes positioned on the top of its head to detect predators and the mouth slung low on the skull to cover up its food, Bothriolepis was a bottom-feeder - a Detritivore that lived in seas, tidal estuaries and perhaps inland in rivers and lakes also.
Bothriolepis would have doubtlessly been just one of the species on the menu of the terrifying 9 meter long Dunkleosteus, a different Placoderm (related to Bothriolepis but of a different branch of the family called the Arthodire Placoderms). It is likely that the Bothriolepis was the prey of various denizens of the Devonian deep.