The Columbian Mammoth (Mammuthus columbi) is a genus of hairless mammoth that originated during the Late Pleistocene in what is now North America. Physical identical to the Woolly Mammoth, standing 4 meters tall and weighing 10 tons, the Columbian Mammoth differs from the Woolly Mammoth by having little to almost no hair.
In the Series 3 finale, Mammoth's Undertaking Journey, rather than being rescued, a female Columbian Mammoth with her baby followed the team through the time portal. Sue scared the baby and the mother caused mayhem around the park until it was reunited with her baby. They reside in Mammoth Grasslands with their cousins including the Woolly Mammoth.
Era & DiscoveryEdit
The Columbian Mammoth lived in and roamed through the Southern United States, Mexico, and Central America from the Middle Pleistocene to the Early Holocene, around 1.5 million to eight thousand years ago. The Columbian mammoth was first scientifically described in 1857 by naturalist Hugh Falconer, who named the species Elephas columbi after the explorer Christopher Columbus.
The Columbian Mammoth was a species of mammoth, distinguishable for being hairless and thus resembling a larger version of modern elephants. Reaching about 4 m (13 ft) tall at the shoulders and weighing about 10 tons (20,000 lbs) in weight, the Columbian mammoth was one of the largest species of mammoth, larger than the modern African elephant and the Woolly mammoth.
Males were generally larger and more robust. The Columbian Mammoth had long, curved tusks and four molars, which were replaced six times during the lifetime of an individual. Like other mammoths, the Columbian mammoth had a high, single-domed head and a sloping back with a high shoulder hump; this shape resulted from the spinous processes (protrusions) of the back vertebrae decreasing in length from front to rear. Juveniles, though, had convex backs like Asian elephants.
Behavior & TraitsEdit
The Columbian Mammoth was apparently a herd animal, due to which a Columbian Mammoth would react with panic when alone and separated from its herd. Though females were friendly herbivores to other animals whom they sensed meant them no harm, Male Columbian Mammoths were very powerful and extremely dangerous creatures when they were in musth, just like Woolly Mammoths and elephants; lashing out and using their immense strength to destroy anything around them that set them off.
The Columbian mammoth preferred open areas, such as parkland landscapes, and fed on sedges, grasses, and other plants. It did not live in the Arctic and Subarctic regions of Canada, Alaska, and the Northern United States which were instead inhabited by Woolly mammoths, though there is evidence that the 2 species interbred at times to create the Jefferson's Mammoth.
- The Columbian Mammoth is one of the two species of mammoth brought to the park, the other being the smaller and hairier Woolly Mammoth.