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Cynodictis, or the Bear-dog. Although these relatives of both bears and dogs are vicious little predators, to them, it's size that matters.
— Allen, about Cynodictis
Cynodictis (name meaning "Slender Dog"), often called a "Bear-dog", is a genus of amphicyonid carnivoran mammal that originated during the Late Eocene epoch in what is now Asia.

In the Series 3 episode, "The Big, the Small, the Bad, & the Ugly", a couple of Cynodictis were brought to the park. They reside in an enclosure in the desert exhibit of the park.

FactsEdit

Era & DiscoveryEdit

Cynodictis lived during the Late Eocene and through to the Late Oligocene, over 3723 million years ago, sharing its environment with other animals like Entelodon, Hyaenodon, Chalicotherium, and Paraceratherium. It was first discovered by Bravard and Pomel in 1850.

Physical AttributesEdit

Cynodictis was considerably small compared to other members of its kind; only being slightly larger than the modern-day opossum with a height of 30 centimeters (1 ft).

It was one of the many species of a group of animals commonly known as "bear dogs", which, as the name suggests, had several characteristics of bears and dogs. But they were only related to the said animals, not ancestors or transitional forms. Like dogs and coyotes, they walked on their toes.

Behavior & TraitsEdit

Cynodictis had great speed and it would use this speed to hunt its prey, such as rabbits and small rodents, though they sometimes would scavenge. Because of their small size, they feared the larger carnivores in their region, such as Hyaenodon.

However, a mother Cynodictis would be brave enough to attack animals as large as a juvenile Paraceratherium to protect her young. The pups would feed on the milk of their mother in their early life before switching to food provided by their caretaker.

It lived in dens in steep riverbanks that were built by itself lined with molted fur and vegetation. These dens would also used by Cynodictis mothers to raise their pups. However, there was always a risk of living in their dens, as they would sometimes be destroyed by flash floods which would kill the inhabitants inside. These bear dogs would give birth to up to five pups where they were cared for by their mother for several months.

Although these animals were ancestors of both bears and dogs and were also vicious little predators, to them, it was size that counted in the Oligocene.

GalleryEdit

IMG 0578
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