|“||These Macrauchenia are unrelated to any modern mammal.||„|
|— Allen, about Macrauchenia|
Macrauchenia (name meaning "Long Llama") is a genus of prehistoric mammal that originated during the Miocene epoch in what is now South America. It was a herbivore, and the last of a dying breed of which we know relatively little, the Lipoterns. It was the prey of predators like the Smilodon and Phorusrhacos.
Era & Discovery Edit
Macrauchenia lived in South America during the Late Miocene to Late Pleistocene from, around 7-1 million years ago. They were unique to South America during their time, but they were also the last of their kind. Additionally, they were prime targets for Smilodon.
Macrauchenia was first discovered on 9 February 1834 at Port St Julian in Patagonia (Argentina) by Charles Darwin, when HMS Beagle was surveying the port during the voyage of the Beagle.
Physical Attributes Edit
A species of mammal unrelated to any modern mammal, Macrauchenia had a somewhat camel-like body with sturdy legs, a long neck, and a relatively small head of a tapir. Its feet, however, more closely resembled those of a modern rhinoceros, and had three hoof-like toes on each foot. It was a relatively large animal, standing around 1.5 meters 5 feet (1.5 m), measuring 10 feet (3 m) long, and weighing a little over 1 ton. It was a litoptern - a unique South American ungulate mammal and it didn't have any close modern relatives: they all died out at the time of the Pleistocene.
One striking characteristic of Macrauchenia is that, unlike most other mammals, this animal possessed a trunk. One insight into Macrauchenia's habits is that its ankle joints and shin bones may indicate that it was adapted to have unusually good mobility, being able to rapidly change direction when it ran at high speed. Therefore, Macrauchenia were fast and wary animals and had outstanding maneuverability. Macrauchenia is known, like its relative, Theosodon, to have had a full set of 44 teeth.
Behavior & Traits Edit
Like many mammals, Macrauchenia lived and traveled in large herds, however, much like Elephants, females lived in herds, a good way to protect their young. Male Macrauchenia lived separately from their herds and often wandered into the scrub forests to browns, using their long noses to strip leaves.
- The sound effects of Macrauchenia are that of llama, donkey, elk, and camel sounds.