This is Propalaeotherium - an early form of the horse.
— Allen, about Propalaeotherium

Propalaeotherium (name meaning "Before Palaeotherium"), is a genus of equid that originated during the Early Eocene epoch in what is now Europe and Asia. Only the size of a house cat, this diminutive prehistoric mammalian is an ancestor of the modern horses.


Era & DiscoveryEdit

Propalaeotherium lived in Europe and Asia during the Early Eocene period, over 50 million years ago. It lived alongside other animals such as Leptictidium, Gastornis, and Ambulocetus. Propalaeotherium was discovered and named by Paul Gervais in 1986.

Physical AttributesEdit

By modern standards, ranging from only 30–60 cm at the shoulders, Propalaeotherium were small primitive horses. However, this is how horses started out – small forest-dwelling animals. At this stage, they were not much bigger than cats. Rather than having hooves, they instead possessed four hoof-like toes.

Propalaeotherium had very powerful senses and thus would run at the slightest sound they perceived as danger, even something as minor as a leave falling on the ground. However, there are times when these small mammals would appear less alter than normal. This is because that the fermenting grapes they ate contained only the smallest amount of alcohol, however it was enough to dull their usually sharp sense.

Behavior & TraitsEdit

Propalaeotherium lived in small groups to fairly large herds, living in both forests and even open grasslands. They often searched for and ate grapes, berries, and leaf matter picked up from the forest floor.


Trivia Edit

  • The sound effects of Propaleotherium are sped up horse sound effects as well as pig squeals and zebra sounds.
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