Coelodonta (name meaning "Hollow Tooth"), also known as the Woolly Rhinoceros, is a genus of Ice Age rhinoceros that originated during the Pliocene epoch in what is now Europe. It was a rhino fully adapted to the hostile conditions of the Late Pleistocene.
Era & DiscoveryEdit
Coelodonta lived in Europe during the Pliocene around 3.7 million years ago and disappeared during Pleistocene, over 10,000 years ago. It was one of the largest animals in its environment and was first discovered in 1799.
A smaller species of prehistoric rhinoceros compared to Elasmotherium, Coelodonta was nevertheless a large rhinoceros, measuring 9–12 feet (3–3.8 m) in length and weighing over 2 tons (4,000 lbs). These rhinos are very short–sighted. Their sense of smell iwa better than their sight.
Coelodonta looked similar to a modern rhinoceros from the African savanna. However, unlike modern rhinos, it possessed a thick, shaggy coat of brown fur. This coat of fur was several centimeters thick and helped to keep it warm in the winter. It would shed its fur in the spring and summer months in favor of a shorter, cooler coat. Due to the extremely cold climate it lived in, this animal adapted to cope with its environment.
They also had two, significantly larger horns on its head than its modern African cousins, both were made of keratin. They most likely used their horns to dig up plants than had been buried by the snow. It was also used as a weapon against predators and rivals.
The eyesight of Coelodonta was very poor. Its sense of smell and hearing on the other hand was excellent and would have alerted it to any danger. If it identified something as a threat, it would charge instantly at its target.
Behavior & TraitsEdit
Coelodonta was a solitary animal but have been known to get together in groups. Additionally, they were easily startled and charged instantly at anything that surprises them. When males fought, the fights weren't always violent. They scraped their horns on the ground until one of them backed down and left the area to the victor.
- Coelodonta is the smallest species of prehistoric rhinoceros brought to the park.
- Coelodonta has the typical rhino sounds as well as some bull, horse, buffalo, bison, and cow sounds.